This course provides students with an overview of the issues and challenges that confront indigenous peoples worldwide. Students will develop an understanding of the concerns and aspirations of the world’s indigenous population, plan and conduct research on global issues that have an impact on indigenous peoples, and use information technology to consult materials related to the views of indigenous peoples throughout the world. Prerequisite: Any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in Native studies.
Units of Study
|UNIT 1||Indigenous World Views||22 hrs|
|UNIT 2||The Fourth World “A Case Study of Indigenous Peoples”||22 hrs|
|UNIT 3||Challenges and Responses||22hrs|
|UNIT 4||Relationships||22 hrs|
|UNIT 5||Renewal and Reconciliation||22 hrs|
Unit 1: Indigenous World Views
Time: 25 hours
Students discuss and compare terms that are used to define indigenous peoples. Students explore and investigate the diversity as well as the worldviews of groups of indigenous peoples in a global context. Students respond to the manner in which the worldviews of indigenous peoples express their autonomy, sovereignty and self-determination. Finally, students apply their understanding of the strategies that indigenous peoples use to preserve and sustain their cultures and languages.
Unit 2: Independent Study
Time: 25 hours
Students choose an issue of significance to indigenous peoples’ world views and to indigenous and international relations of renewal and reconciliation. The process leading to, and the product that emerges from, this investigation is to be decided through a collaboration between student and teacher. Students must focus their inquiries on the ways in which indigenous peoples have been successful in responding to challenges to their culture, language, ancestral lands and economies. Upon completion of this course, students will have a greater understanding of an issue or a challenge that confronts indigenous peoples worldwide, through investigations based on indigenous peoples’ lives and living conditions in North America, Central America, South America, Australia, New Zealand, Asia, Africa and the Arctic.
Unit 3: Challenges and Responses
Time: 25 hours
Students examine the impact of the challenges posed by the global economy on indigenous peoples’ identity and their subsequent reactions. Students identify, through examples and analysis, solutions that allow indigenous peoples to exercise their autonomy, and how they have acted to protect their rights. Finally, this analysis leads the students to identify the impediments to indigenous peoples’ full participation within the international community and to examine instances where indigenous peoples have asserted their sovereignty.
Unit 4: Relationships
Time: 25 hours
Students focus on indigenous peoples in an international context. They demonstrate through the production of a report their understanding of terminology, geographical location, concepts of identity and world reactions to the affirmation of this identity. More specifically, the collaboration amongst indigenous peoples facing common issues and their views on sovereignty are examined. Finally, students are expected to compare the histories of the interactions among different indigenous peoples and their national governments and extend the comparison to the Canadian context.
Unit 5: Renewal and Reconciliation
Time: 25 hours
In this unit, students use independent research methods to produce a presentation that examines the factors critical to ensuring healthy, sustainable indigenous communities. Using a seminar approach, students demonstrate their understanding of various issues that are commonly faced by indigenous peoples throughout the world. Finally, students explore the role of governments, corporations and indigenous peoples in fostering policy revision and political reform.
A1. Political Inquiry: use the political inquiry process and the concepts of political thinking when investigating contemporary issues, events, and developments relating to contemporary Indigenous peoples around the world;
A2. Developing Transferable Skills: apply, in a variety of contexts, context, and identify careers in which the knowledge and skills acquired in this course might be an asset.B1. Diversity and Identity: demonstrate an understanding of the global diversity of Indigenous peoples and cultures, and of how Indigenous identity and diversity may be defined, affirmed, or denied, distinguishing between the sociocultural practices and world views of a variety of Indigenous peoples;
B2. Connections to the Land: demonstrate an understanding of the significance of the land to Indigenous peoples around the world, analysing the consequences of displacement from traditional territories and the benefits of Indigenous perspectives on resource management;
B3. Indigenous Knowledge and Oral Traditions: demonstrate an understanding of the role of Indigenous knowledge, storytelling, and storywork in fulfilling communal responsibilities, sustaining world views, and protecting cultural heritage.C1. Economic, Social, and Technological Trends: demonstrate an understanding of key global economic, social, and technological trends, issues, and developments related to the cultural survival of Indigenous peoples;
C2. Human Rights, Social Justice, and Cultural Survival: demonstrate an understanding of various legal and social factors affecting the human rights of Indigenous peoples, including the role and rights of Indigenous women and children and the relationship between living conditions and human rights;
C3. Political Trends and Power Relations: demonstrate an understanding of the connections between political power and cultural survival, analysing the balance of power in a variety of interactions between Indigenous and non-Indigenous groups;
C4. The Concept of Self-Determination: demonstrate an understanding of the concept of self-determination, exploring a variety of perspectives on and arguments for Indigenous sovereignty/self-governance.
D1. International and Regional Law: demonstrate an understanding of the role of international and regional law, and of associated bodies and legal instruments, in upholding or obstructing the rights of Indigenous peoples around the world;
D2. National Legislative and Judicial Action: demonstrate an understanding of the responsibility of national governments and judiciaries to uphold Indigenous rights, analysing a range of legislative and judicial actions to define and support those rights;
D3. Education and Capacity Building: demonstrate an understanding of the significance of educational capacity, including capacity for language education, in protecting, preserving, and revitalizing Indigenous cultures;
D4. Social Action and Global Leadership: demonstrate an understanding of key factors that influence social action, and analyse various initiatives to support Indigenous aspirations and perspectives globally in terms of the leadership strategies they employ.